Australia’s banking regulator APRA has started licensing banking disruptors like Volt and Judo. It’s a sign that the ecosystem for Australian fintech is growing and taking on an importance in the local financial sector that will only grow through time.
That is particularly the case as Open Banking – what the Federal government calls Consumer Data Right – creates opportunities for further inroads by fintechs into the traditional banking space.
A recent editorial collaboration between Knowledge@Wharton and the Swift Institute, “Fintech in China: What Lies Ahead?” highlighted the opportunity Open Banking offers.
Wharton School Dean Geoffrey Garrett, a professor of management and private enterprise, highlighted “with data as the new collateral, you can now use information (about people and businesses) to base decisions on investing and lending, instead of having to rely only on their financial assets”.
But it’s not as straightforward as many fintechs may think as they seek to solve individual issues.
Bonnie Buchanan, head of the department of finance and accounting at the University of Surrey, said that while fintech has been empowered by a combination of changed consumer behaviour, enabling and affordable infrastructure, together with mobile improved technologies, there is much western firms could learn from their Chinese counterparts who took a more holistic approach to their offering for customers.
Michael Moon, managing director, payments, trade and communications for Asia-Pacific at Swift, said “Chinese fintechs are largely focused on the domestic payments space, mostly in retail. This is a space that many Chinese banks have ceded to the technology firms”.
Critically, though, he highlighted that Chinese companies had taken this platform and “in a very short span of time, these companies have built new ecosystem models around the smartphone and delivered this to consumers through super-apps that deliver a customer experience marked by usability, simplicity and convenience”.
That ecosystem approach is what makes Chinese fintech so strong, Bonnie Buchanan says, arguing that China’s fintech strength and success comes from “integrating finance and real-life needs”.
The authors from Knowledge@Wharton and Swift argue that “western players tend to focus on a market — for instance, PayPal and Stripe target payments, Robinhood on mobile investment, Kabbage on lending” while Chinese firms are building super apps, such as WeChat.
The message is western fintech firms need to do more.
Buchanan says, “a business model based on easy-to-use and simple interfaces with free offers will no longer be enough to differentiate”. And that’s actually good news for incumbent banks because she also says the result will be more partnerships between fintechs and banks to establish a competitive edge.
Vivek Belgavi, partner and fintech leader at PwC India, agrees fintechs need to do more if they are going to be successful. He says western fintech needs to become embedded in the lives of their customers rather than trying to offer a solution to just one service or product. Due to funding and time constraints, fintechs who want to scale up quickly need to partner in order “save costs as well as shorten time to market” he noted.
Fintechs have a bright future the authors note and while payments are hot now other areas of finance will attract attention and fintechs can fill that void. In Australia Open Banking offers fintech firms an avenue to connect with customers in a more holistic way across a broader range of products.
But the message seems to be that for truly phenomenal success fintechs in Australia and across the West need to do more. The good news is China’s success has provided the roadmap.